Personal injury claims fall into the following categories:
- The first and most common is negligence. This occurs when someone causes you personal injury because they were careless, or negligent, meaning that they failed to act as a reasonable person. Some types of negligence are negligent driving, negligent medical care, and negligent maintenance of a property.
- The second is intentional wrongdoing. This occurs when there is a deliberate action against a person or property that causes damage – whereas, a negligence tort is the result of an accident. The law can hold someone liable for injuries whether the person responsible intended to cause harm or not.
- A third and less common category of injury is strict liability. This is when a person or company is engaging in dangerous or risky behavior, or when an animal bites you. Strict liability also comes into play if injury occurs as a result of a faulty product.